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choi baccarat(www.vng.app):Nearly 5m fewer girls to be born worldwide over next 10 years: Study

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PARIS, France — An estimated 4.7 million fewer girls are expected to be born globally in the next 10 years because of sex-selective practices in countries with a cultural preference for male offspring, a trend that could undermine social cohesion in the long term, research showed on Tuesday (Aug 3).

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The research suggested that the projected shortfall in the number of girls being born will lead to a surplus of young men in around a third of the global population by 2030, which could lead to increased anti-social behaviour and violence.

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Sex-selective abortions have been on the rise for the past 40 years in countries throughout southeast Europe along with south and east Asia, with as-yet undetermined demographic impacts.

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To model what short- and long-term effect sex selection will have on societies, an international team of researchers analysed data from more than three billion births over the last 50 years. 

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Focusing on 12 countries where the male-to-female ratio had increased since 1970 and another 17 where that ratio was at risk of increasing due to social or cultural trends, they simulated two scenarios. 

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The first assumed an increase in the rate of sex selection, based on statistical evidence. 

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The second scenario assumed increased sex selection in certain countries, based on observed trends and decreased fertility, but for which specific data were lacking. 

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In the first scenario, countries saw a shortfall of 4.7 million in the number of girls being born by 2030. For the second scenario, the figure jumped to more than 22 million globally by 2100. 

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Authors of the research, published in the BMJ medical journal, said the bias towards male offspring could lead to a "marriage squeeze" in affected countries.

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"Fewer-than-expected females in a population could result in elevated levels of anti-social behaviour and violence, and may ultimately affect long-term stability and social sustainable development," they wrote.

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The United Nations defines sex-selective practices alongside child marriage and female genital mutilation as harmful practices targeted under the Millennium Development Goals. 

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The authors of the new study called for better data collection of such practices in order to stamp them out, as well as wider education initiatives. 

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"A broader objective relates to the need to influence gender norms which lie at the core of harmful practices such as prenatal sex selection," they wrote. 

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"This calls for broader legal frameworks to ensure gender equality." AFP

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